Fig. 1 Henri III of France , by Nicholas Hilliard. here dated c.1576. Watercolour and bodycolour on vellum stuck to playing card, 5 by 3.7 c,. (Djanogly Collection).
 R. Strong: The English Renaissance Miniature, London 1983, p.81; in Strong’s opinion, Hilliard’s apparent inability to learn from French modes revealed the ‘limitations of the man’. He describes the journey to France as ‘abortive’, in J. Murdoch, J. Murrell, P. J. Noon and Roy Strong: exh. Cat. The English Miniature, New Haven (Yale Centre for British Art), Toronto (Art Gallery of Ontario) and Fort Worth (Kimbell Art Museum) 1981, p. 54. This view has been revised: ‘it is generally acknowledged that Hillard’s sojourn in France […] was the making of him’, in E. Goldring: Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester, and the World of Elizabethan Art: Painting and Patronage at the Court of Elizabeth I, New Haven and London 2014, p. 92.
Fig. 2 Fig. 1 in a Renaissance-revival pierced frame. nineteenth century. Cherry wood, 20.5 by 12.5 cm (Djanogly Collection).