Major-General Stringer Lawrence was known as the 'Father of the Indian Army'. Lawrence sat to Reynolds several times for his portrait, but this version seems to be after that commissioned by the East India Company for its Committee Room in 1760. Thouron must have made his copy around twenty years later, when he exhibited other enamels copied after Rubens, Greuze and others at the Salons of 1781 and 1782. There are only few surviving examples of his work, including a copy after Elisabeth Vigée le Brun’s self-portrait at The Wallace Museum, London[M311].

Lawrence began his military career rather late at the age of thirty, but soon made his mark. Afte service in Spain and Flanders, he fought in the Battle of Culloden in 1745. The following year, he was given a major’s commission by the East India Company to command the forces in Madras. He excelled in this position, transforming the army. For the next twenty years he excelled...

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Major-General Stringer Lawrence was known as the 'Father of the Indian Army'. Lawrence sat to Reynolds several times for his portrait, but this version seems to be after that commissioned by the East India Company for its Committee Room in 1760. Thouron must have made his copy around twenty years later, when he exhibited other enamels copied after Rubens, Greuze and others at the Salons of 1781 and 1782. There are only few surviving examples of his work, including a copy after Elisabeth Vigée le Brun’s self-portrait at The Wallace Museum, London[M311].

Lawrence began his military career rather late at the age of thirty, but soon made his mark. Afte service in Spain and Flanders, he fought in the Battle of Culloden in 1745. The following year, he was given a major’s commission by the East India Company to command the forces in Madras. He excelled in this position, transforming the army. For the next twenty years he excelled both as a soldier and by managing the political affairs of the East India Company. While acting as the governor of Fort St. David, he recognised the abilities of his junior, Robert Clive and assisted in his rise (Clive later gave Lawrence a pension of £500 a year from his own pocket). He left India for the last time in 1766 and came back to England, living with Sir Robert Palk and his family. Dying in his London residence in 1775, the directors of the East India Company placed a monument, with a bust, to him in Westminster Abbey, inscribed: 'For Discipline established, Fortresses protected, Settlements extended, French and Indian armies defeated, and Peace restored in the Carnatic.'

Jacques Thouron is considered to be one of the finest 18th century miniaturists on enamel. He was born in Geneva to a family of Protestant emigré goldsmiths. At the age of 15, he was apprenticed to the enamel painter Pierre François Marcinhès. He then moved to Paris and in 1772 joined the workshop of Jean-François Favre. Around 1780 he became miniature painter to Monsieur (the brother of Louis XVI and the future Louis XVIII).

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500 Years of British Art